M - USS Monitor & CSS Merrimack

The battle on March 9, 1862, between the USS Monitor and the CSS Merrimack, officially the CSS Virginia, is one of the most revolutionary naval battles in world history. Up until that point, all battles had been waged between wooden ships. This was the first battle in maritime history that two ironclad ships waged war.


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N – New Hope Church

Part of the Battle of Atlanta, this battle took place near New Hope Church. After Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass on May 19-20, Sherman decided that he would most likely pay dearly for attacking Johnston there, so he determined to move around Johnston's left flank and steal a march toward Dallas. Johnston anticipated Sherman's move and met the Union forces at New Hope Church. Sherman mistakenly surmised that Johnston had a token force and ordered Major General Joseph Hooker's corps to attack. This corps was severely mauled.


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O – Oak Grove

The battle of Oak Grove in Henrico County, Virginia June 25th, 1862. Oak Grove was the first battle of the Seven Days Battles. Major General George B. McClellan advanced his lines north and south of the Williamsburg Road with the objective of bringing Richmond within range of his siege guns, by driving Confederate pickets from his front and Captain Franklin Buchanan. The minor battle was McClellan's only tactical offensive action against Richmond. His attack gained only 600 yards and was not strong enough to derail the offensive planned by Robert E. lee, which already had been set in motion. On the Union side there were 51 killed 401 wounded and 64 missing on the other side there were 40 killed 263 wounded and 13 missing.


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